What are the causes of birthmarks?
There is a lot of curiosity in the birth process, sometimes they are related to the family, and other times they raise mythical questions. In fact, they are very common and generally harmless. However, they can also cause concerns about their causes and their development.
That is why, in this article, we want to take advantage of the knowledge of the experts and clarify any doubts on this subject.
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For health professionals, skin blemishes can be described in a number of ways. Although they all deserve special attention, only a few of them can become a real problem. In the case of birthmarks, they are attracted by the color of the baby’s skin and the curiosity of the parents when they meet their baby.
Usually, the fear of birthmarks in newborns disappears as we get used to seeing them. It is very common to associate them with a brand owned by a father, grandfather, or brother so that they quickly become a symbol that identifies them as individuals.
What are the birthmarks?
Pediatrician Dr. Oscar Filmbam describes birthmarks as a change in the color of a newborn’s skin. They may be born with a baby or sometimes appear a few weeks after birth. At least 80% of people are born with some kind of work, which has become very common.
One of the characteristics of these types of scars is that they last a lifetime. However, some usually disappear over time. However, regardless of the location, size or color of the stain, parents should be sure to consult a pediatrician about the characteristics of the stain.
The expert said that even if most of these works are harmless, it is best to confirm a diagnosis as soon as possible. , Because it can advance the possible mechanism. However, the usual explanation in these cases is that it is the result of a hormonal, genetic, and nutritional response that the fetus received during pregnancy.
Baby’s skin is very delicate, so it is not advisable to take steps to treat moles or blemishes without consulting a doctor. Before any treatment, it is important to consult a doctor, as the intervention is not always necessary. In addition, like the use of chemicals or the removal of stains, they may also be absorbed by the skin.
Different types of birthmarks
Spots or scabs can vary depending on their characteristics, such as size, color, or shape, and depending on these factors, experts classify them as hemangiomas, melanocytic nevus, or rubies. Similarly, they can be identified as small, medium, or large. They are clearly visible in any part of the body and can be classified according to their shape and color.
In terms of their size, the birthmark is considered to be as small as 1.5 cm, which represents the majority of cases. The middle spaces measure between 1.5 and 2 centimeters and the larger ones are those that exceed 2 centimeters. According to other features, the following spots are identified.
Hemangiomas. These are vascular tumors that can vary in size over time and can be a little more irritating than others. They are found in at least 20% of newborns, their color is deep red, their genetic makeup is very important. They are more common in premature babies, especially girls.
Melanocytic nevus, also known as congenital moles, are pigmented cells that can be smooth or diffuse, sometimes with short hairs, and may appear many years after birth. Nevis occurs in 1% of children. They range in size from small to large.
Mongoloid spot. They can be blue or gray, they are usually large and their edges are cloudy. They are especially common among black people and disappear during the first few years of life. These are flat spots, which are not related to diseases because they are found on the surface of the skin. Most are found in the back and hips.
Caf-O Lot Spot. They can appear more than once for each child, they are smooth, rather clear and their incidence rate can reach 50%. Due to sunlight, these spots become lighter or disappear completely.
Alcohol stains or angiomas. They are common on the scalp, face, and neck. They vary in color from pink to purple, unless you see them as port colors. They appear in an average of three out of every 1,000 newborns.
However, they are like vascular cells that promote longevity, darkness, and some growth.
Most mild, birthmarks sometimes disappear after a few years. They can persist and, in rare cases, be a sign of illness. To make sure there is no risk, it is important that the child is examined by a pediatrician or dermatologist.
Some newborns have patches on their skin that bother the parents. Some disappear quickly in the first few years. Others will live a lifetime. Most are harmless.
Color space: brown space or cafe or lattice
Some people have gray spots or caffeine. It is normal for a child to have less than 3 caffeine spots (TCL). On the other hand, the presence of more than 6 TCLs should be strongly recommended for neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). More details here.
A capillary hemangioma (a type of angioma) is a common birthmark. This is when the groups of blood vessels grow faster than other parts of the newborn’s body. Often red, it sometimes takes the form of “bumps” of skin color or blue beneath the surface. The smaller it is, the faster it disappears. It usually does not require surgical treatment.
Vascular disorders, or “alcohol stains”
Muscle damage is caused by damage to the blood vessels. They are known as “wine stains” or “wine stains” because they look like red wine on the skin.
If the spots are large and located near the eyes, it may be helpful to have a medical examination to make sure the blood vessels in the brain and eyes are healthy. These birthmarks never go away.
Congenital oily nevus, a special mole
The hulls are minimally brown and are made up of cells that produce skin color. If they appear more frequently than the age of 6, some children are born with them. And, when the spots are very large and numerous, medical help is needed. This is especially the case with congenital anomalies.
Navi is the equivalent of simple pink or red spots between the eyes, on the forehead, or on the nape of the neck. Due to the aging blood vessels, they turn the skin red. Most of these places are finished in two years.
Birthmarks: 4 things to know.
Pink, brown, white, large, or very large, birthmarks can have many facets. Most of the time it is benign. Here’s what you need to know about angiomas.
Birthmarks, also called angiomas, are skin lesions that appear at birth. Both benign and permanent, they can take many shapes and many colors. They are more or less wide and can appear on any part of the body.
There are many types of birthmarks
Purple, pink, red, white … there are many types of birthmarks and their color is different. One of them is the birthmark “coffee milk”, named after its color, which varies from light brown to dark brown due to excess melanin. It is usually oval in shape.
Cells that appear at birth are also birthmarks. Overgrowth of aging blood vessels can lead to parasitic birthmarks as well as airway angiomas. It is also called alcohol stain and is often pink to red.
Birthmarks: They are not hereditary
Pediatric dermatologist Dr. Nathalie Bodak explains, “Birthmark is a birthmark, that is to say, it is present at birth. But it is not hereditary. One of the parents.”
The congenital disease can be associated with illness
In rare cases, mild birthmarks can usually be associated with pathology. If a patient has more than 5 mm of caffeine outlet spots, it may reflect a genetic condition called neurotransmitters type 1. Other types of birthmarks can be linked to pathology.
Dr, Plane angiomas can translate eye and brain disorders. Such angiomas are placed on the face, so pediatric follow-up is needed to initially diagnose possible brain or eye abnormalities.” Is.
Some birthmarks can be removed
The pediatric dermatologist warns that “it is possible to remove the nevus, which means that the moles, especially if they are enlarged and more than 2 cm long when they are adults. ۔ ” The case will be decided on a case-by-case basis with a dermatologist.
These moles need lifelong monitoring because, in addition to being a potential aesthetic problem – they can be very large in size – they have a slightly higher risk of developing melanoma. The intervention can be done by a doctor who practices the laser or who will make an incision using a scalpel under local anesthesia.
“It is also possible to remove or accelerate the angioma of the aircraft for aesthetic reasons,” the expert said. A type of birthmark on the scalp, sebaceous scalp, can also be removed. If it is mild, this birthmark can be aesthetically disturbing.